Mandalay is the second largest city after Yangon, located on the eastern bank of Irrawaddy River. It is also the last royal capital founded by King Mindon in 1857 before Myanmar was colonized by Britain in 1885. Nowadays, Mandalay remains historical, cultural and economic center of Upper Myanmar. It can be observed a city of royals from the ruins of the royal palace, numerous temples, monasteries and it’s the home for the religious center of Buddhism.
Mandalay holding as a main sightseeing including discovering surrounding ancient cities such as Sagaing, Innwa (AVA) and Amarapura.
Highlights of Mandalay
The Mahamuni Buddha Temple is one of the major pilgrimage sites in Myanmar and it is located at the southwest of Mandalay. The Mahamuni Buddha is the most highly worship in Myanmar and it is originally came from Arakan. The Mahamuni image was cast in Dhanyawadi near Mrauk U and taken back to enshrine in the Mahamuni Pagoda in Mandalay. Legend says it that the Buddha visited the Dhanyawadi city of Arakan in 554 BC and King Sanda Thuriya requested to cast of that image to worship. As of now, a thousand of Burmese tourists from all over the country come to pay homage and offerings to Mahamuni Buddha Temple in Mandalay.
U Bein Bridge – situated in the old ancient capital of Amarapura, it was constructed over 150 years ago with more than 1,000 wooden pillars and 1.2 kilometer in length across the Taungthaman Lake. U Bein Bridge is the oldest and once longest teak wood bridge in the world. Enjoying sunset over the Bridge is the most attractions sight for both local people and tourist travelers. Walking across the bridge or taking boat, the choice is yours.
Bagaya Kyaung or teak wood monastery was built in 19th century and famous of its carvings on the wall and it was built 267 gigantic teak wood.
Maha Aungmye Bonzan (well known as Me Nu Oak Kyaung which Burmese translates to Me Nu’s brick monastery) is the most tourist attractions landmarks in Innwa. It was built by Nanmadaw Me Nu who is a Queen of King Bagyidaw in Konbaung dynasty (1818). The brick monastery and Bagaya Kyaung are in the same style and decorated with numerous Buddha images on the wall. Surrounding its, there are a number of white stupas in different sizes. The monastery has been damaged by the large earthquake and re-established by the daughter of Me Nu in 1873. Me Nu Oak Kyaung is famous for the Innwa era’s architecture and arts.
Watch Tower (Nan Myint) is one of the most popular attractions in Innwa. Unfortunately no one is permitted to climb up because of only the lower part was left after the earthquake of 1838 and it was re-established as its original structure. The watch tower is the best example of Innwa dynasty artworks.