Myanmar (formerly Burma) is a Southeast Asian nation of 135 ethnic groups, bordering India, Bangladesh, China, Laos and Thailand. Yangon (formerly Rangoon), the country’s largest city, is home to bustling markets, numerous parks and lakes, and the towering, gilded Shwedagon Pagoda, which contains Buddhist relics and dates to the 6th century.
Myanmar has a tropical climate with three distinct seasons: hottest season (From March to May), rainy season (From June to October) and the cool season (From November to February).
March until May is intensely hot in most of the cities especially in upper Myanmar (the area around Mandalay and Bagan), June to October is the monsoon season with high rainfall and November to February is warm to hot during the day and the air is relatively dry but it’s cool at night.
In the highlands such as Inle Lake and Pyin U Lwin, winter temperatures can fall below 10°C at night, while daytime temperatures tend to be very pleasant. Even in the summer, temperatures rarely rise above 32°C. Near the Indian border in Kachin State, there are mountains which are permanently snowcapped throughout the year.
Times to visit and regional variations
The most comfortable time to visit is during the cool season, which is also the least humid time of year and has the clearest air – however, this is also the peak tourist season. If you can put up with the heat and/or rain, then you will find it easier (and often cheaper) to book accommodation outside the cool season, and there will be less crowds at popular destinations.
Myanmar has plenty of natural resources such as oil and gas, various minerals, precious stones and gems, timber and forest products, hydropower potential and etc., Myanmar is also a world leader of valuable minerals such as gold, gemstones, jade, diamonds, rubies and sapphires.
Myanmar has 135 distinct ethnic groups acknowledged by the government, in which there are 8 officially national races namely Kachin, Kayah, Kayin (Karen), Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhaine and Shan. There are four main religions in Myanmar; Buddhism, Christian, Muslim and Hindus. Among them, Buddhism is the majority religion. Buddhism in Myanmar is predominantly of the Theravada tradition, practiced by 89% of the country’s population and it’s the most religious Buddhist country in South East Asia. Merit making is the most common path undertaken by Burmese Buddhists.
Culture and Tradition
Burmese people are generally hospitable, friendly, and kind-hearted and will do as best they can to make you feel welcome in their country.
Myanmar (Burmese) is the country’s official language, though English is widely spoken in large towns. However, there are also many languages and dialects one of the 135 different national races.
The traditional costume of men and women of Myanmar is Longyi and they also wear flip-flops. But in nowadays, young people from large cities wear casual clothes.